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Root canal morphology of mandibular incisors

  • Author Footnotes
    1 Dr. Kartal is assistant professor, Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Nevin Kartal
    Correspondence
    Address requests for reprints to Dr. Nevin Kartal, Zincirlikuyu Harpakademileri, Sitesi 4/82 80600 Levent-Istanbul, Turkey.
    Footnotes
    1 Dr. Kartal is assistant professor, Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
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  • Author Footnotes
    2 Dr. Yanikoğlu is an instructor, Department of Operative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Funda Çalışkan Yanıkoğlu
    Footnotes
    2 Dr. Yanikoğlu is an instructor, Department of Operative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 Dr. Kartal is assistant professor, Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    2 Dr. Yanikoğlu is an instructor, Department of Operative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.
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      In this study, 100 mandibular central and lateral incisors were used to determine the number of root canals and their types, the ramifications of the root canal, the location of apical foramina, and the frequency of apical deltas. The teeth were immersed in India ink, decalcified, and cleared. The examination of root canal systems of the teeth was based on Vertucci's classification. Two more root canal types which are not defined in that classification have also been determined and grouped as new types.
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