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Rigid versus Flexible Dentine-like Endodontic Posts—Clinical Testing of a Biomechanical Concept: Seven-year Results of a Randomized Controlled Clinical Pilot Trial on Endodontically Treated Abutment Teeth with Severe Hard Tissue Loss

      Abstract

      Introduction

      This is the first clinical long-term pilot study that tested the biomimetic concept of using more flexible, dentine-like (low Young modulus) glass fiber–reinforced epoxy resin posts (GFREPs) compared with rather rigid, stiff (higher Young modulus) titanium posts (TPs) in order to improve the survival rate of severely damaged endodontically treated teeth.

      Methods

      Ninety-one subjects in need of postendodontic restorations in teeth with 2 or less remaining cavity walls were randomly assigned to receive either a tapered TP (n = 46) or a tapered GFREP (n = 45). The posts were adhesively luted using self-adhesive resin cement. The composite core build-ups were prepared ensuring a circumferential 2-mm ferrule. The primary endpoint was a loss of restoration for any reason. To study group differences, the log-rank test was calculated (P < .05). Hazard plots were constructed.

      Results

      After 84 months of observation (mean = 71.2 months), 7 restorations failed (ie, 4 GFREPs and 3 TPs). The failure modes were as follows: GFREP:root fracture (n = 3), core fracture (n = 1) and TP:endodontic failure (n = 3). No statistical difference was found between the survival rates (GFREPs = 90.2%, TPs = 93.5%, P = .642). The probability of no failure was comparable for both post materials (risk ratio; 95% confidence interval, 0.965–0.851/1.095).

      Conclusions

      When using self-adhesive luted prefabricated posts in severely destroyed abutment teeth with 2 or less cavity walls and a 2-mm ferrule, postendodontic restorations achieved high long-term survival rates irrespective of the post material used (ie, glass fiber vs titanium).

      Key Words

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