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Simultaneous Detection of Dialister pneumosintes and Filifactor alocis in Endodontic Infections by 16S rDNA-directed Multiplex PCR

      Dialister pneumosintes and Filifactor alocis have been recently considered as candidate endodontic pathogens. In this study, we devised a 16S rDNA-directed multiplex PCR protocol for simultaneous detection of these two bacterial species in endodontic infections. Samples were taken from infected root canals associated with asymptomatic periradicular lesions as well as from cases of acute periradicular abscesses. DNA extracted from the samples was used as template for simultaneous detection of D. pneumosintes and F. alocis through a multiplex PCR assay. Two fragments of the expected sizes, one specific for D. pneumosintes and the other for F. alocis, were simultaneously amplified from a mixture of reference genomic DNA containing DNA from both species. Clinical samples that were positive for the target species showed a single band of the predicted size for each species. D. pneumosintes was detected by multiplex PCR in 11 samples (7 asymptomatic and 4 abscesses) and F. alocis was identified in 9 cases (6 asymptomatic and 3 abscesses). Six samples (3 asymptomatic and 3 abscesses) shared the two species. Data from the present study confirmed that D. pneumosintes and F. alocis are common members of the microbiota present in primary endodontic infections and thereby may participate in the pathogenesis of periradicular lesions. The proposed multiplex PCR assay is a simple, rapid, and accurate method for the simultaneous detection of these two candidate endodontic pathogens.
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