Filling Root Canals in Three Dimensions

      The final objective of endodontic procedures should be the total obturation of the root canal space. Biologic necessity requires the elimination of the protein degradation products, bacteria, and bacterial toxins which emanate from necrotic and gangrenous root canals. While these irritants may be eliminated by extraction of the tooth, the health of the dentition is secured more soundly if they are eliminated by the cleaning and shaping, sterilization, and total obturation of the root canal system. In the final analysis, it is the sealing off of the complex root canal system from the periodontal ligament and bone which insures the health of the attachment apparatus against breakdown of endodontic origin.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Endodontics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Berg B.
        Endodontic management of multirooted teeth.
        Oral Surg, Oral Med, Oral Path. 1953; 6: 3
        • Coolidge E.D.
        • Kesel R.G.
        Endodontology. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia1956
        • Dow P.
        • Ingle J.I.
        Isotope determination of root canal failure.
        Oral Surg, Oral Med, Oral Path. 1955; 8: 1100
        • Grossman L.I.
        Endodontic Practice. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia1965
        • Grossman L.I.
        Present status of plastic root canal filling materials. Transactions of the Third International Conference on Endodontics, Univ. of Penna.1963
        • Healey H.J.
        Endodontics. The C. V. Mosby Co, St. Louis1960
        • Ingle J.I.
        Endodontics. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia1965
        • Schilder H.
        Endodontic therapyCurrent Therapy in Dentistry.
        in: Goldman H. The C. V. Mosby Co, St. Louis1964
        • Schilder H.
        The value of culturing in endodontic treatment.
        Dent Clin North America. 1966; (March): 127-138
        • Sommer R.F.
        • OstranderFD
        • Crowley M.C.
        Clinical Endodontics. W. B. Saunders Co, Philadelphia1966