Basic research–technology| Volume 33, ISSUE 12, P1447-1449, December 2007

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An In Vitro Comparison of Microleakage between Resilon and Gutta-Percha with a Fluid Filtration Model

Published:October 16, 2007DOI:


      This investigation compared microleakage of teeth obturated with gutta-percha and teeth obturated with Resilon by using a fluid filtration model. Forty-six human, single-rooted, mandibular premolars were studied. Teeth were randomly assigned to 2 experimental groups of 21 teeth each, designated as group G (gutta-percha) and group R (Resilon). Two control groups, both containing 2 teeth, served as positive and negative controls. Group G, gutta-percha and AH 26 sealer, and group R, Resilon and Epiphany sealer, were obturated by using warm vertical condensation. The specimens were tested for microleakage with an in vitro fluid filtration apparatus at 10 psi at 4 intervals: 1, 7, 30, and 90 days. A two-way repeated measures analysis of variance model with fixed effects for group, time, and group by time interaction was used to analyze microleakage data. This study demonstrated that canals obturated with Resilon and Epiphany sealer leaked statistically less than canals obturated with gutta-percha and AH 26 sealer at day 1 (P < .0014), day 7 (P < .0002), day 30 (P < .0015), and day 90 (P < .0170). The mean fluid microleakage for both group G and group R increased from day 1 to day 90. The results showed that Resilon is a suitable replacement for gutta-percha as a root canal filling material on the basis of its increased resistance to fluid microleakage.

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