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Detection of Vertical Root Fractures by Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography with Variable Voxel Sizes in an In Vitro Model

  • Senem Yiğit Özer
    Correspondence
    Address requests for reprints to Dr Senem Yiğit Özer, Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, 21280, Diyarbakir, Turkey.
    Affiliations
    Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey
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Published:November 09, 2010DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2010.04.021

      Abstract

      Introduction

      The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans with different voxel resolutions in the detection of simulated vertical root fracture (VRF).

      Methods

      Sixty teeth, 30 with root fractures and 30 without, were examined through i-CAT tomography at 4 different voxel resolutions (0.125, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 mm). Three observers scored the presence of VRF in all modalities. Sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio, and accuracy were calculated for each modality.

      Results

      Chi-square statistical analysis showed no significant difference among the resolutions or observers. However, positive likelihood ratio values of 24.5 for a 0.125-mm voxel, 24.25 for a 0.2-mm voxel, 13.2 for a 0.3-mm voxel, and 13 for a 0.4-mm voxel were found. Accuracy results confirmed the likelihood ratios as 0.97, 0.96, 0.93, and 0.92, respectively.

      Conclusions

      CBCT scans were reliable in detecting simulated VRF, and a 0.2-mm voxel was the best protocol, considering the lower x-ray exposure and good diagnostic performance.

      Key Words

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