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C-shaped Maxillary Permanent First Molar: A Case Report and Literature Review

Published:September 03, 2013DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2013.06.032

      Abstract

      Introduction

      The C-shaped configuration is rare in the upper first molar.The purpose of this article is to present 2 cases diagnosed during endodontic therapy and perform a literature review of this anatomy in the upper first molar.

      Methods

      Endodontic therapy was performed by using a dental operating microscope and a cone-beam computed tomography analysis for better understanding of this anatomy. A literature search was conducted to identify and compare all the published cases of C-shaped upper first molar.

      Results

      Before the cases reported in this article, only 5 cases were available in the published literature. Three different types of C-shaped configurations in the upper first molar have been presented.

      Conclusions

      The C-shaped maxillary first molar is a rare anatomic configuration. The use of the dental operating microscope may help in the endodontic therapy of these cases. Three types of C-shaped configurations have been reported; the fusion of the distobuccal root with the palatal root appears to be the most usual one.

      Key Words

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