The aim of this study was to describe the canal shaping properties of ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), ProTaper Universal (PTU; Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Johnson City, TN), and WaveOne (Dentsply Maillefer) nickel-titanium instruments in mandibular first molars by using micro–computed tomographic (micro-CT) scanning.
A total of 36 maxillary first molars with 2 separate mesial canals and 1 distal canal were selected and scanned preoperatively and postoperatively by using micro-CT scanning with a voxel size of 30 μm. Canals were prepared with PTU, PTN, and WaveOne systems under hypochlorite irrigation. The volume of the untreated canal; the volume of dentin removed after preparation; the amount of the uninstrumented area; and the transportation to the coronal, middle, and apical thirds of canals were measured. The preparation time and instrument failure were also recorded.
Instrumentation of canals increased their volume and surface area. The distal canals had a significantly higher proportion of unprepared surfaces than mesial canals (P < .05). The PTN system produced less transportation than the WaveOne and PTU systems in the apical third of the mesial canals (P < .05). There was no significant difference on apical transportation in distal canals among the 3 instrument systems. Instrumentation with WaveOne was significantly faster than with the other 2 instruments (P < .05).
The PTN, PTU, and WaveOne instruments shaped root canals in mandibular first molars in vitro without significant shaping errors. The curved canals prepared using PTN had less apical transportation than the canals prepared using WaveOne and PTU.
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Published online: September 06, 2014
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