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Influence of Access Cavity Preparation and Remaining Tooth Substance on Fracture Strength of Endodontically Treated Teeth

      Highlights

      • The influence of different access cavities and/or loss of tooth walls was evaluated.
      • Teeth with traditional, conservative, and truss access had similar fracture strength.
      • Intact teeth had higher fracture strength than the teeth in all of the test groups.
      • The loss of both mesial and distal ridges reduced tooth strength significantly.
      • The loss of 2 walls reduced the fracture strength of teeth more than access cavities.

      Abstract

      Introduction

      The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of access cavity preparation and the remaining tooth substance on the fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth.

      Methods

      One hundred sound mandibular first and second molar teeth were selected and divided into 1 control and 9 test groups (n = 10/group) as follows: control group, intact teeth; group 1, teeth prepared with traditional endodontic access cavity (TEC); group 2, teeth prepared with conservative endodontic access cavity (CEC); group 3, teeth prepared with truss endodontic access cavity (TREC); group 4, TEC + 3 residual walls; group 5, CEC + 3 residual walls; group 6, TREC + 3 residual walls; group 7, TEC + 2 residual walls; group 8, CEC + 2 residual walls; and group 9, TREC + 2 residual walls. After access cavity preparation, all test teeth were endodontically treated and restored. The specimens were then loaded to fracture in a universal loading machine (Triaxial Tester T400 Digital; Controls srl, Cernusco, Italy), and fracture values were recorded in newtons. The data were analyzed with 2-way analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc analysis for multiple comparisons (P < .05).

      Results

      Intact teeth were more resistant to fracture than the teeth in all the test groups. No statistically significant differences were found between the 3 tested access cavities (P > .05). Significant differences were observed between the different number of residual walls (P < .05).

      Conclusions

      TRECs do not increase the fracture strength of endodontically treated teeth in comparison with CECs and TECs. Moreover, the loss of mesial and distal ridges reduced the fracture strength of teeth significantly.

      Key Words

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