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Effects of Endodontic Infections on the Maxillary Sinus: A Case Series of Treatment Outcome

Published:April 14, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2021.04.002

      Abstract

      This article shows the follow-up of several cases of maxillary sinusitis of dental (usually endodontic) origin, with different manifestations, diagnostic challenges, and outcomes.Cases from 14 patients from 3 countries and treated by 7 different endodontists are presented, all of them with inflammatory sinus changes represented by mucositis, osteoperiostitis, and/or partial/full obstruction. All cases showed dental and/or sinus signs/symptoms that resolved after dental management. In 13 cases, the sinus condition had an endodontic origin, 4 of them concurrently with periodontal involvement. In 1 case, sinusitis was caused by trauma to the face. All cases but 1 had a satisfactory response of the periradicular tissues and maxillary sinus to treatment that consisted of root canal therapy, root amputation, extraction, or trauma management.The successful management of most cases reported in this article emphasizes the importance of endodontics as a specialty engaged in saving teeth and promoting health not only in the oral cavity but also in other areas that may be affected by infections of endodontic origin, including the maxillary sinus.

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