The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of low-dose multidetector computed tomographic (LD-MDCT) imaging for the volumetric measurement of simulated periapical lesions.
Eighteen monoradicular teeth were introduced in bone blocks, and periapical lesions were simulated at the periapical region of each tooth. All teeth were imaged using 4 acquisition protocols: large (dentoalveolar) field of view (FOV) cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging (120 kV, 5 mA, and 0.2-mm voxel), small (dental) FOV CBCT imaging (90 kV, 10 mA, and 0.2-mm voxel), standard multidetector computed tomographic imaging (120 kV, 50 mA, and 0.62-mm voxel), and LD-MDCT imaging (120 kV, 10 mA, and 0.62-mm voxel). Tomographic images were evaluated by a single trained and calibrated examiner (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.991) using ITK-SNAP segmentation software (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA). The gold standard was obtained by the impressions of the lesions with regular fluid addition silicone and individual weighing using a precision analytical scale. Data were evaluated by the repeated measures analysis of variance test; the significance level was defined as P < .05.
No statistical differences (P > .05) were found among the groups regardless of the device, milliamperage, FOV, or voxel size.
LD-MDCT shows performance comparable with other standard reference methods for measuring the volume of periapical lesions and can be a useful and safe protocol in clinical situations in which CBCT imaging is not available, such as in cases of patients admitted to hospitals.
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Published online: April 22, 2021
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