Case Report/Clinical Techniques| Volume 47, ISSUE 9, P1507-1514, September 2021

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Ingrowth of Mineralized Tissue into the Root Canal of Immature Permanent Teeth after a Traumatic Injury: A Report of 3 Cases


      The aim of this case series was to describe the endodontic management of 3 immature permanent teeth that sustained traumatic injuries and subsequently presented with complete ingrowth of mineralized tissue into the canal space. Ingrowth of bone/mineralized tissue into the canal has been considered a poor long-term outcome with an inherent risk of ankylosis. In cases 1 and 2, no endodontic treatment was undertaken, except for emergency management requiring splinting. The cases were followed for 36 and 23 months, respectively. No ankylosis was evident over the review period, and normal teeth eruption was apparent. In case 1, the tooth was treated orthodontically and was responsive to pulp sensibility testing. In both cases, there was an appearance of an internal periodontal ligament–like space on the inner root wall of the canal. In case 3, 2 years postinjury, pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis occurred, and the tooth was managed with regenerative endodontic treatment consistent with the European Society of Endodontology and the American Association of Endodontists guidelines/recommendations for a regenerative procedure. The case was followed for 8 years after regenerative endodontic treatment. No ankylosis was noted with normal eruption of the teeth. The tooth was responsive to pulp sensibility testing despite the ingrowth of mineralized tissue, which was confirmed clinically.

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