Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) are thermosensitive channels that play an important role in thermal sensation or tooth pain by regulating intracellular Ca2+ concentration that is essential for pulp tissue repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels in the odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs).
HDPCs were isolated from healthy human intact third molars and cultured in odontogenic differentiation medium. Gene and protein expression levels of TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels during the odontogenic differentiation of HDPCs were evaluated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. HDPCs were then treated with channel agonists or antagonists, and the expression levels of odontogenic markers dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and osteopontin (OPN) were examined. Alkaline phosphatase activity and alizarin red staining were also conducted to detect mineralization levels.
Consistent with the mineralization degree and DSPP and OPN expression, messenger RNA and protein expression of TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels was up-regulated during the odontogenic differentiation of HDPCs. The application of TRPA1 or TRPV1 agonists increased the mineralized nodules of alizarin red staining and alkaline phosphatase activity and up-regulated the messenger RNA and protein expression of DSPP and OPN, respectively, with the highest values reached on the seventh day (P < .05). On the contrary, the mineralization level and DSPP and OPN expression could be suppressed by using the antagonists of these 2 channels.
TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels not only showed up-regulated expression along with the odontogenic differentiation of HDPCs but also could affect the odontogenic differentiation by regulating intracellular Ca2+ concentration.
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Published online: June 11, 2021
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