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Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Regenerative Endodontic Procedures in Traumatized Immature Permanent Teeth: Interappointment Dressing or Single-Visit?

      Abstract

      Introduction

      More data are needed before affirming that single-visit approaches are effective and safe for regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs). This study compared clinical and radiographic outcomes of REPs between interappointment dressing or single-visit protocols.

      Methods

      Twenty young patients presenting traumatized immature teeth with pulp necrosis were divided into 2 groups. Teeth were submitted to 6% sodium hypochlorite and 2% chlorhexidine irrigation and to 17% EDTA use before blood clot induction. In the interappointment dressing group (n = 11), calcium hydroxide was used with 2% chlorhexidine gel for 21 days before scaffold induction. In the single-visit group (n = 9), the scaffold was induced during the only appointment. Patients were followed up for 24 months. Primary, secondary, and tertiary outcomes were assessed by 3 independent evaluators. Preoperative and follow-up radiographs were assessed for quantitative measurements of the apical diameter, root width, root length, and cervical barrier placement and compared between groups using the t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Categoric variables were assessed with the G test and the Fisher exact test and continuous variables with the Mann-Whitney U test. Statistical significance was set at 5%.

      Results

      One tooth showed persistence of infection. No difference was observed in cervical barrier placement (P > .05); between groups regarding primary, secondary, and tertiary outcomes (P > .05); and in parameters of quantitative radiographic outcomes (P > .05).

      Conclusions

      Completing REPs with an interappointment dressing or a single-visit protocol presented similar clinical and radiographic outcomes. A single-visit protocol of REPs using 6% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine, and 17% EDTA permitted satisfactory outcomes in necrotic immature permanent teeth.

      Key Words

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