The purpose of this study was to assess the antimicrobial activity of root canal sealers modified with novel highly loaded antimicrobial drug-silica coassembled particles (DSPs) on Enterococcus faecalis–infected root canal dentin.
DSPs were synthesized through coassembly of silica and octenidine dihydrochloride (OCT) surfactant drug (35% w/w OCT). DSPs (1% wt of the total mass of the sealer) were mixed homogenously with either epoxy resin sealer (AH Plus [AH]; Dentsply Sirona, Tulsa, OK) or calcium silicate–based sealer (EndoSequence BC Sealer [BC]; Brasseler, Savannah, GA). To assess the antimicrobial activity of DSP-loaded sealers, the apical third of single-rooted teeth was obtained and infected with E. faecalis for 3 weeks followed by the application of experimental (DSP-loaded) sealers or corresponding controls for up to 28 days. Microbiological analysis and laser scanning confocal and scanning electron microscopy were used to determine the colony-forming unit (CFU)/mL, the percentage of live bacteria, and the intratubular bacterial and sealer penetrations. Factorial analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc tests were used to assess the antimicrobial effect of DSPs on different sealers.
All experimental groups showed significant reductions in CFUs at all-time points compared with positive controls (P < .05). The addition of DSPs to BC significantly reduced the CFUs (2.11 ± 0.13, 2.22 ± 0.19, and 2.25 ± 0.17 at 1, 7, and 28 days, respectively) compared with the unmodified sealer (3.21 ± 0.11, 4.3 ± 0.15, and 4.2 ± 0.2 at 0, 7, and 28 days). DSPs enhanced the antimicrobial performance of AH only at 1 day (4.21 ± 0.17 vs 5.19 ± 0.12, P < .05). AH and AH + DSPs showed higher bacterial viability compared with BC and BC + DSPs at all incubation periods (P < .05).
Loading endodontic sealers with DSPs had a material-dependent effect on the antimicrobial properties and could reduce the incidence of secondary infections.
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Published online: August 20, 2021
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