Clinical Research| Volume 47, ISSUE 11, P1715-1723, November 2021

Treatment Outcomes of Permanent Immature Teeth with Crown Fracture: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Published:August 31, 2021DOI:



      Crown fractures are a common type of traumatic dental injury. Various factors may affect the outcome of crown fractures. This study aimed to evaluate the treatment outcomes of immature teeth with a crown fracture.


      This retrospective cohort study included patients who presented to a dental trauma center from 2008–2018 with a history of a crown fracture of immature teeth and at least 6 months of follow-up. Outcomes of primary endodontic or restorative interventions as well as reinterventions were evaluated. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to compare the unadjusted differences in survival time. Logistic and Cox regression analyses were performed to identify potential predictors for complication and survival time, respectively.


      The success rates of the primary interventions for 99 teeth (72 patients) after a median follow-up of 22 months were as follows: cervical pulpotomy (90.4%), partial pulpotomy (85.2%), mineral trioxide aggregate apical barrier (80.0%), root canal treatment (66.6%), and only restoration (47.2%). Teeth that received vital pulp therapy were less prone to complications (adjusted hazard ratio = 0.21; 95% confidence interval, 0.09–0.53; P < .05), whereas those with concomitant luxation injuries were more susceptible to complications (adjusted odds ratio = 2.90; 95% confidence interval, 1.01–8.29; P < .05).


      Crown fractures had a relatively high favorable prognosis. Vital pulp therapy (partial or cervical pulpotomy) had the highest success rate, whereas cases that received only restoration had the lowest success rate. Teeth with concomitant luxation injuries had more odds and hazards of complications.

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