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Guided Access Cavity Preparation Using a New Simplified Digital Workflow

Published:November 11, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2022.11.004

      Abstract

      Introduction

      This study evaluated the precision of a simplified workflow using only preoperative cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) scans to gain guided access to root canals of extracted mandibular molars. A workflow using CBCT scanning associated with 3-dimensional oral scanning was used as a reference for comparison. The influence of the presence of coronal restoration in the simplified workflow was also evaluated.

      Methods

      Forty-five mandibular molars were randomized into 3 groups: a control group in which digital planning was performed with CBCT and oral scanning and 2 experimental groups in which digital planning was performed only with CBCT examination. In experimental group 1, teeth had no coronal restorations, whereas in group 2 teeth presented with coronal composite restorations. After digital planning, the teeth were accessed using the guides, and a new CBCT scan was made to overlap the pre- and postoperative examinations. Precision was measured by calculating the deviation between the planned and prepared cavities in millimeters and angle. Data were compared using 1-way analysis of variance (P < .05).

      Results

      All root canals were accessible after access preparation in all tested groups. Deviations of the planned and prepared access cavities were low, with a mean value of 0.55, 0.58, and 0.47 mm and 1.98°, 2.45°, and 1.43° for the control group, group 1, and group 2, respectively. No significant differences in millimeters or angle were observed among the 3 tested groups (P > .05).

      Conclusions

      The simplified digital workflow using only CBCT examination allowed a high level of precision in obtaining access in extracted molars with and without coronal restoration, presenting similar results compared with the digital workflow using CBCT and 3-dimensional oral scanning.

      Key Words

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