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Effects of L-Chg10-Teixobactin on Viability, Proliferation, and Osteo/Odontogenic Differentiation of Stem Cells from Apical Papilla

Published:December 30, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2022.11.008

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Intracanal medicament is one of the essential steps for ensuring success in regenerative endodontic procedures. L-Chg10-teixobactin is a novel antimicrobial agent that exhibited potent antibacterial and antibiofilm effects against Enterococcus faecalis at low concentrations compared with ampicillin. At the same time, its cytotoxicity on dental stem cells has not been studied. This study aimed to investigate the effects of L-Chg10-teixobactin on the viability, proliferation, migration, and osteo/odontogenic differentiation of stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs).

      Materials and Methods

      SCAPs isolated from immature human third molars were treated with various concentrations of L-Chg10-teixobactin, calcium hydroxide, and dimethyl sulfoxide. The viability and proliferation of SCAPs were assessed using the LIVE/DEAD Viability/Cytotoxicity Kit and Cell Counting Kit-8. A scratch wound healing test was used to evaluate the lateral migration capacity of SCAPs. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium mineralization ability tests -ie, ALP staining and alizarin red S staining, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed to assess the osteo /odontogenic differentiation of SCAPs.

      Results

      The tested concentrations of L-Chg10-teixobactin (0.01, 0.02, and 0.03 mg/mL), 1 mg/mL calcium hydroxide, and 0.03% dimethyl sulfoxide had no significant cytotoxic effect on SCAPs at any time point (P > .05). Besides, there were no significant differences between the control and experimental groups in SCAPs’ viability, proliferation, and migration. L-Chg10-teixobactin upregulated the gene expression of osteo/odontogenic markers in SCAPs, while no significant difference was found in the ALP activity and alizarin red S staining.

      Conclusions

      L-Chg10-teixobactin demonstrated excellent biocompatibility on SCAPs at concentrations from 0.01 to 0.03 mg/mL and potentially enhance the osteo/odontogenic differentiation of SCAPs; suggesting its promising role as root canal medicament for regenerative endodontic procedures.

      Key Words

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