Efficacy of Different Solvents for Achieving Patency in Teeth Obturated Using Bioceramic Sealer

Published:December 13, 2022DOI:



      The retreatment of teeth obturated with bioceramic sealers has been shown to be challenging. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of 10% formic acid (FA), 20% hydrochloric acid (HCl), and chloroform for achieving patency in teeth obturated with a bioceramic sealer.


      Forty-five extracted single-canal teeth were instrumented and obturated 1.5 mm short of the working length using gutta-percha and EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA). Two weeks later, gutta-percha was removed, and apical patency was attempted with a 10 C-file and a solvent (FA, HCl, or chloroform). The time to gain patency through EndoSequence BC Sealer was recorded. Five additional teeth were irrigated with the solvents, and scanning electron microscopy was used to evaluate the effect of solvents on the dentin. The Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used for statistical analysis.


      Patency was achieved in all canals, except for 1 in the chloroform group. Regarding the time to achieve patency, no significant difference was noted between chloroform and FA (P > .05). However, there was a significant difference between chloroform and HCl (P < .05) and between FA and HCl (P < .05). The erosion of dentinal tubules was more evident when HCl was used compared with the other irrigants.


      Twenty percent HCl was superior to 10% FA and chloroform in achieving patency in teeth obturated with EndoSequence BC Sealer. Regardless of the solvent used, patency may be achieved for most of the cases obturated with gutta-percha and EndoSequence BC Sealer.
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