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The Essential Role of 17-Octadecynoic Acid in the Pathogenesis of Periapical Abscesses

  • Alaa M. Altaie
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • Mohammad G. Mohammad
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • Mohamed I. Madkour
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • Sarra B. Shakartalla
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • Manju Nidagodu Jayakumar
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • Aghila Rani K.G.
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • Rabih Halwani
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • A.R. Samsudin
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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  • Rifat A. Hamoudi
    Correspondence
    Dr Rifat A. Hamoudi, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom
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  • Sameh S.M. Soliman
    Correspondence
    Address requests for reprints to Dr Sameh S.M. Soliman, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
    Affiliations
    Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

    Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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Published:December 13, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2022.12.002

      Abstract

      Introduction

      Periapical abscesses are 1 of the most frequent pathologic lesions in the alveolar bone. Recently, we have identified 17-octadecynoic acid (17-ODYA) as the highest unique metabolite in periapical abscesses. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the immunologic and pathophysiological roles of this metabolite in the initiation and development of periapical abscesses.

      Methods

      Periodontal ligament fibroblasts and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with 17-ODYA. Gene expression analysis and interleukin (IL)-8 release were determined using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Macrophage polarization and cytokine release were also determined using flow cytometry and Luminex bioassay (R&D Systems, Minneapolis, MN), respectively.

      Results

      In periodontal ligament fibroblasts, 17-ODYA caused significant (P < .0001) up-regulation of IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, matrix metalloproteinase-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 at 10 μmol/L after 6 days of treatment and up-regulation of platelet-derived growth factor alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor alpha at all tested concentrations after 2 days of treatment. In peripheral blood mononuclear cells, 17-ODYA significantly increased the expression of IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, matrix metalloproteinase-1, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 at 10 μmol/L (P < .0001) and vascular endothelial growth factor alpha and platelet-derived growth factor alpha at 1 μmol/L 17-ODYA (P < .0001). 17-ODYA polarized macrophages toward a proinflammatory phenotype (M1) and suppressed the release of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. 17-ODYA significantly enhanced the release of IL-8.

      Conclusions

      This study was the first to identify the pathologic role of 17-ODYA in the development of periapical abscesses. The results of this study are important in shedding light on the pathogenesis of periapical abscesses in relation to microbial metabolites.

      Key Words

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