Advertisement

Composition and physical properties of gutta-percha endodontic filling materials

  • Author Footnotes
    1 Dr. Friedman is assistant professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle
    Charles E. Friedman
    Correspondence
    Requests for reprints should be directed to Dr. Charles, E. Friedman, Assistant Professor, Department of Endodontics SM-48, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195
    Footnotes
    1 Dr. Friedman is assistant professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle
    Affiliations
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    2 Dr. Sandrik is assistant professor, Department of dental materials, School of Dentistry, Loyolo University of Chicago
    James L. Sandrik
    Footnotes
    2 Dr. Sandrik is assistant professor, Department of dental materials, School of Dentistry, Loyolo University of Chicago
    Affiliations
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    3 Dr. Heuer is chairman, department of endodontics, Northwestern University Dental School, Chicago
    Michael A. Heuer
    Footnotes
    3 Dr. Heuer is chairman, department of endodontics, Northwestern University Dental School, Chicago
    Affiliations
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    4 Dr. Rapp is professor and chairman, department of biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Loyola University of Chicago
    Gustav W. Rapp
    Footnotes
    4 Dr. Rapp is professor and chairman, department of biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Loyola University of Chicago
    Affiliations
    Chicago
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 Dr. Friedman is assistant professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle
    2 Dr. Sandrik is assistant professor, Department of dental materials, School of Dentistry, Loyolo University of Chicago
    3 Dr. Heuer is chairman, department of endodontics, Northwestern University Dental School, Chicago
    4 Dr. Rapp is professor and chairman, department of biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Loyola University of Chicago
      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.
      Gutta-percha has been the predominant root canal filling material for over a century. It has been used in various filling techniques and its effect on biologic tissues has been studied; however, knowledge of its chemical and mechanical properties has grown little since its introduction into dentistry. In this investigation, the mechanical properties of five brands of gutta-percha endodontic filling materials were determined, and their chemical compositions were compared. Significant correlations were found to exist between some of these parameters.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Journal of Endodontics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Conrad C.
        • Ridgway S.W.
        Possibilities of a popular root filling.
        Dental Cosmos. 1934; 76: 752
        • Puterbaugh P.G.
        Root-canal filling materials.
        JADA. 1928; 15: 244
        • Schilder H.
        Filling root canals in three dimensions.
        Dent Clin North Am. Nov 1967; : 723
        • Price W.A.
        Report of laboratory investigations on the physical properties of root filling materials and the efficiency of root fillings for blocking infection from sterile tooth structures.
        J Natl Dent Assoc. 1918; 5: 1260
        • Hunter H.A.
        The effect of gutta-percha, silver points, and Rickert's Root Sealer on bone healing.
        J Can Dent Assoc. July 1957; 23: 385
        • Boulger E.P.
        The foreign body reaction of rat tissue and human tissue to gutta-percha.
        JADA. 1933; 20: 1473
        • Feldman G.
        • Nyborg H.
        Tissue reactions to root filling materials. 1. Comparison between gutta-percha and silver amalgam implanted in rabbit.
        Odontol Revy. 1962; 13: 1
        • Spängberg L.
        Biologic effects of root canal filling materials 5.
        Odontol Revy. 1969; 20 (Toxic effect in vitro of root canal filling materials on HeLa cells and human skin fibroblasts): 427
        • Marshall F.J.
        • Massler M.
        The sealing of pulpless teeth evaluated with radioisotopes.
        J Dent Med. Oct 1961; 16: 172
        • Goodman A
        • Schilder H.
        • Aldrich W.
        The thermomechanical properties of gutta-percha. II..
        Oral Surg. June 1974; 37 (The history and molecular chemistry of gutta-percha): 954
      1. Stecher P.G Merck index. 8. Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ1968: 513
        • Nielsen L.E.
        Mechanical properties of polymers. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co, New York1962: 5 (chap 1)
        • Rogers G.L.
        Mechanics of solids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York1964: 6 (chap 1)
        • Hayden H.W.
        • Moffatt W.G.
        • Wulff J.
        The structure and properties of materials.
        in: Vol 3: mechanical behavior. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York1965: 9 (chap 10)
        • Billmeyer F.W.
        Textbook of polymer science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York1962: 3